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Integration of Practical Technologies for "Climate-Smart" Food Crop Production

Background

Southeast and South Asian regions are home to more than 30% of the world’s population; half the world’s poor and malnourished, with a full 500 million residing in these regions. For most countries in these regions agriculture is the cornerstone of their economy, the basis of economic growth and the main source of people’s livelihood. N early 50% of the population of some countries depends on the agricultural sector for food and livelihood , in which agriculture is considered as one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change.

The IPCC 4th Assessment Report states South East Asia is annually affected by climate extremes, particularly rise in temperatures, floods, droughts and tropical cyclones, while large areas of the region are highly prone to flooding and influenced by unpredictable monsoon onsets. Such climatic impacts will severely threaten the livelihood of poor people living in rural areas with limited adaptive capacity. Water availability for agriculture in the region will also be affected by changes in the amount and pattern of rainfall and subsequently, water scarcity and/or excess water for crop production. A high sensitivity of major cereal and other food crops to changes in temperature, moisture, and carbon dioxide concentration of magnitude are scientifically documented. The increased climatic variability in the future would further increase production variability. Producing enough food for the increasing population against a background of decreasing resources and a changing climate scenario is a challenging task.

Consumer perceptions about health and food quality benefits associated with crops produced under low input production systems are major reasons for the increase in demand for low input or organic foods. However, the price premium for crop products is the main factor detrimental to expansion of organic food consumption. In addition, there are technological bottlenecks in low input crop production systems, which potentially affect yield, quality and safety of low input and organic foods.

There is a clear need to bring these different issues together for consideration, further development and dissemination at the regional level. This workshop seeks to gather experts from the fields of crop production, crop and soil management, crop protection, plant breeding and crop plant biotechnology in order to stimulate answers to these issues.

Objectives:

  • To develop and exchange feedback on desirable program profiles for climate-smart food crop production systems; and
  • To identify key gaps in solutions available and prioritize research and development needed to fill gaps.

Major findings/recommendations:

  1. Include the following information in the improvement of databases for climate weather forecasts: prediction of pests and diseases; proper timing in the spraying of pesticides and their corresponding amounts;
  2. Develop site-specific and cost-effective strategies in the integration of climate-smart technologies for crop production to include subsidy insurance and other institutional measures;
  3. Establish protocols for cross-cultural learning in sharing tools and models in the development of climate-smart technologies;
  4. Compile and document success stories of climate-smart crop technologies to include methodologies, lessons learned and other areas of improvement;
  5. Continue on capacity building of farmer leaders and extension agents and establish a core group who will be responsible for popularizing technical knowledge and disseminating the information to small-scale farmers;
  6. Involve other sectors of society in climate-smart production especially the youth;
  7. Invite the agriculture-related media to participate in the future meetings of this nature for a wider publicity of climate-smart agriculture issues;
  8. Adapt carbon footprint labeling in agricultural produce in order to promote environmentally friendly farming to ordinary consumers; and
  9. Suggest FFTC and TARI, if funds are available, to be instrumental in networking for more research and training on how to use agro meteorological database, predicting abiotic stresses (e.g. chilling, drought, flooding, etc.) in plants and other early warning systems and devices used in crop production.

proceedings

proceeding
Paper:
AgriculturalPolicy DragonFruitNetwork
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