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Jul. 17, 2020

2019 PROJECT 6: Implementing the Satoyama initiative for the benefit of biodiversity and human well-being

2019 PROJECT 6: Implementing the Satoyama initiative for the benefit of biodiversity and human well-being

The Satoyama spirit, in which mountain villagers live in harmony with Nature, is very much alive in Taiwan. This group photo in Fuli, Hualien shows the speakers and participants when they visit the Manna Cooperative and observe how the coop members practice the principles of Satoyama in their daily lives.

Venue: Hualien, Taiwan
Date: September 16-20
Participating countries: 7 countries (India, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand)
Participants: 250 participants including 14 speakers 
Papers presented: 14
Co-organizers: Hualien District Agricultural Research and Extension Station (HDARES); Taiwan Forestry Research Institute (TFRI); Forestry Bureau (FB); and International Partnership for Satoyama Initiative (IPSI)

”Satoyama,” a Japanese concept stemming from two Japanese words —“Sato” which means village and “yama” which means hill or mountain is a concept developed through centuries of small-scale agricultural and forestry use, focusing on the spirit of preservation and utilization. However, in today’s modern world, the “Satoyama Initiative” has become a more complex web of a concept, embracing and cross cutting the principles of  biodiversity, conservation, sustainable management, use of natural resources, agricultural technologies, governance, properly functioning ecosystems, etc.

FFTC, together with the Hualien District Agricultural Research Extension Station (HDARES), the Forestry Bureau (FB), the Taiwan Forestry Research Institute (TFRI) and the International Partnership of Satoyama Inititative (IPSI) organized a symposium on “Implementing the Satoyama Initiative for the Benefit of Biodiversity and Human Well-Being.” Attended by 14 speakers from seven countries (India, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand), the said symposium aims to share the ideas of rural resource management and ecosystem service, exchange experiences in the application of the Satoyama Initiative and strengthen international cooperation among regional agricultural institutions, NGOs and experts.

The two-day symposium, was divided into four sessions: 1) knowledge enhancement to share the traditional ecological knowledge system and related modern science technologies; 2) policy research and capacity building, to exchange the idea of policy implementation and the local communities’ self-supply capacity building; 3) country reports, to share the examples and experiences in the region; and 4) policy forum, to open an interdisciplinary dialogue to search for solution for policy making.

Major findings and recommendations

1. Strengthen the role of government as facilitators to continue the Satoyama Initiative promotion because both government and facilitators from all levels and scales are needed.

2. Emphasize not only biodiversity conservation but livelihoods to get equal goals and balance in rural management.

3. Consider SEPLS as a corridor that links rural areas and nature, which should be respected by everyone, and try to understand its characteristic of complexity that has multiple values, including economic, cultural, spiritual, and aesthetical.

4. Consider a landscape approach for sustainable use and sharing while making policies.

5. Embrace all kinds of diversity, such as economic diversity, biodiversity, and social diversity.

6. Disseminate the rural management policies to all stakeholders at all levels and try to connect all sectors with policy cohesion.

7. Listen, understand, learn, and use governmental resources to improve the Satoyama Initiative implementation.

8. Identify the optimal indicators and conduct investigations on which measurements are appropriate for the SDM evaluation for Satoyama Initiative implementation.

9. Encourage farmers to follow and educate the consumers because their perceptions are still important factors in market development.

10. Continue to seek ways to improve the environment and increase biodiversity to let people notice the benefits of environmentally-friendly actions.

List of papers

• Implementing the Satoyama initiative for the benefit of biodiversity and human well-being - Kuang Chung Lee 
• Conserving biodiversity for sustainable futures - perspectives from the international Satoyama initiative - Evonne Yiu 
• Evaluating the benefit of practice for Satoyama initiative by applying Information and Communication Technology (ICT) - Chi-Ling Chen 
• Biodiversity maintained by the traditional tea- grass integrated system in Shizouka, Japan - Yoshinobu Kusumoto 
• Study on rice paddy agrosystem in different cultivation methods and landscapes - Li Lin 
• Achievements, challenges and ways forward for the Satoyama development mechanism: a self-assessment by the SDM secretariat - Yasuo Takashi 
• Taiwan ecological network and Satoyama initiative - Chih-Chin Shin 
• Authenticity, Satoyama and sustainability in tourism - Pei-Hsin Hsu 
• PGRFA on-farm conservation and ecological engineering initiative: MARDI experience - Maya Izar Binti Khaidizar 
• The Kalahan educational foundation: on the ground initiative for forest conservation and culture preservation - Juan Magboo Pulhin 
• Promoting economic forest plantation and small green energy production learning center for supporting local community sustainable - Pongsak Hengniran 
• Implementing Satoyama initiative through community conserved areas (CCA) - a success story from  Nagaland, India - Siddharth Edake 
• The spark crashed by the Kavalan culture and Satoyama - Satoumi partnership in Taiwan - Li-Yun Gong 
• Transforming Fuli with multi-experimental activities to carry out the spirit of Satoyama - Yu-En Zhong 

There are 250 participants who attend the Satoyama Insitative symposium at the Hualien DARES. The symposium aims to share the ideas of rural resource management and ecosystem service, exchange experiences in the application of the Satoyama Initiative and strengthen international cooperation among regional agricultural institutions, NGOs and experts.

The Satoyama Policy Forum, which is moderated by Director Kuo-Ching Lin (5th from left), has the following Satoyama experts as panelsists: (From L to R) Ms. Rong Sheng Sha; Dr. Ling-Ling Lee; Dr. Kuang-Chung Lee; Mr. Yasuo Takahashi; Dr. Evonne Yiu; Dr. Ta-Chi Yang, and Dr. Wan-Yu Liu.

The speakers and participants visit the Cilimatay tribe to observe and learn about the farmers’ practices on a rice paddy cultural landscape.

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