Food and Fertilizer Technology Center - publications

Oct. 27, 2015

ENHANCED ENTRY OF YOUNG GENERATION INTO FARMING

Enhanced entry of young generation into farming

Over the past decades in the Asian Region, there has been a considerable decrease in the number of young people who are into farming. By contrast, their outbound flow to urban cities has considerably increased in various Asian nations. Consequently, aged populations of over 65 years old are successively increasing in the agriculture sector. In Japan, Korea and Taiwan, for instance, the ratio of the aged farmers to the total farm household population are 34.3%, 31.8% and 31.2% respectively in 2010. China follows suit as its age-farmer ratio is on the rise due to its rapid economic growth and most of the remaining Asian countries seem to follow the same path in the near future.

Many Asian countries have already tested a variety of stimulating packages to enhance young people to go into farming such as providing a loan with lower interest rate and longer repayment period, pre-training and pre-educating for young farming candidates, free consulting after engaging in farming, providing welfare service and even salary compensation for a certain period of time. Some countries introduce a direct payment system for an early retirement of aged farmers. Although various stimulating countermeasures were taken, the shortage of young farmers every year is increasingly alarming.

Recently, a number of free trade agreements (FTAs) and/or economic partnership agreements have been concluded bilaterally or multi-laterally in the Asian countries. Active entry of young generation into farming is a key factor to revitalize Asian agriculture and rural areas which is continually ignored by the young people today. Therefore it is a matter of urgency to know what hinders the youth to go into farming. It is a practical way for the agricultural sector to develop and become sustainable.

Major findings and recommendations:

  • rn Formulate strategies that would change the negative perception of people towards agriculture as a career and business;chain;
  • rn Include young farmers as a major component of Rural Development Programs;
  • rn Assist the young generation in obtaining/accessing support instruments for farming like capital, land and training;
  • rn Provide tax exemptions for prospective young farmers who would want to lease out lands for long periods of time;
  • rn Tailor-fit the training to the actual needs of farmers so they could benefit from the agriculture business;
  • rn Develop supplementary measures for young farmer schemes such as tax reduction, preferential loan, land bank information system, agriculture extension system, farm succession advice, sole inheritor grant, small producer organization, etc.
  • rn Formulate policies on land resource, infrastructure development, credit and finance, public investment, education and training;
  • rn Reinforce university curriculum in agriculture and related courses to better prepare the young generation into farming;
  • rn Strengthen the role and synergy of the different sectors of society like the government, academe and the private sector in promoting the entrance of the young generation in agriculture; and
  • rn Establish a master plan for farming succession to ensure the continuity of the business and food security.

Enhanced entry of young generation into farming

Held in Jeonju, Korea 20-24 October 2014

No. of participating countries:  8 (Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia,    Philippines)

No. of papers presented: 12

No. of participants: 12 local speakers

Co-organizers: Rural Development Administration (RDA)

Co-organizer: National Agricultural Cooperative Federation (NACF)

List of papers

Keynote

Recent trends in young people’s entry into farming in Japan: an international perspective

 -  Tomohiro Uchiyama

Country papers

Recruiting young farmers to join small-scale farming: a structural policy perspective

 - Jiun Hao-Wang

Korea’s small but strong farm policy: international perspective for current and next generation

-  Jeong Seok Seo

Entry of young generation into farming in Thailand

-  Onanung Tapanapunnitikul

Technology consultation and back-up for young generation’s entry into farming in Vietnam

-  Bui Quang Dang

Farm expansion and entry into farm business: experiences in Hokkaido agriculture

-  Shunshuke Nayagimura

Succession decisions in Korean family farms

-  Jeong-Im Hwang

Attracting the young generation to engage in agriculture

-  Sri Hery Susiluwati

Development of young agropreneur in Malaysia

-  Mohamad Kamal Abdul Kadir

Building farmers’ assets and investing in the out-of-school-youths (OSY) for rural development

-  Asterio P. Saliot

How to encourage young generation to engage in farming: Korea’s case

-  Sang-jin Ma

One-stop service for young farmers in Taiwan

-  Kun-fong Kuo

For further information, contact Dr. Chan-Ik Chun, FFTC Agricultural Economist

 

The international seminar held in Jeonju, Korea talked about the plight of aging farmers in their respective countries while at the same time shared their ideas and insights on how to attract the young generation to engage in agriculture.

FFTC’s agricultural economist Dr. Chan-Ik Chun is the organizer of this international seminar.

Twelve speakers from eight countries comprise the seminar participants of this international workshop on “Enhanced Entry of Young generation into Farming”.

FFTC’s agricultural economist, Dr. Chan-Ik Chun explains to the group the operations of a farmer cooperative and a local feedmill they are visiting as part of their educational tour.

Dr. Yu-Tsai Huang shares his insights on succession decisions and building farmers’ assets to the seminar participants.

 

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