Miaoli District Agricultural Research and Extension Station was started on March 25, 1998 under the supervision of the Taiwan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Forestry. It was later placed under the Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan of the Central Government, as a result of the simplification of Taiwan Provincial Administration on July 1, 1999.
The Station was previously called Sericulture Improvement Station which was originally established as Mulberry Propagation Unit at Gong-Guan, Taipei City, by Japanese Viceroy Administration in 1910. After Taiwan was restored from the Japanese occupation, this unit was merged into the Silkworm Rearing Unit of the Department of Agriculture and Forestry, and renamed are the Taiwan Provincial Sericulture Experiment Station in 1949. In 1977 as a result of city development, the Station was moved from Taipei City to Miaoli County. In 1992, the Station was renamed are Sericulture and Apiculture Experiment Station to cover the researches on silkworm and honeybee. In 1997, this Station was further reorganized are Miaoli District Agricultural Research and Extension Station so that to expand the scope of research activities to include food and horticultural crops while retaining the unique fields of silkworm and honeybee which are not included in other six Agricultural Research and Extension Stations in Taiwan. History of this Station is summarized as follows:
The climate in the coastal plain area and its neighboring terrain area belong to tropical weather with annual average temperature of 20-22 ℃ . The annual rainfall in terrain areas is about 2,000 mm which is higher than that in low plains. Agricultural population is about 203,600 from about 43,000 household families that comprises 36% of the population in Miaoli County. Toufen Township has the highest population followed by Yuanli and Houlong Townships. The economic activities of the county are primarily based on agriculture production and livestock rising. Major crops and fruit trees cultured are rice, sweet potato, vegetables, bamboo shoot, watermelon, citrus, grape, pear, plum, persimmon, Chinese jujube, strawberry, and indigenous orchid flower Pleione formosana, etc.