Food and Fertilizer Technology Center - About

  1. Home
  2. Activities
  3. Increasing Production and Market Access for Tropical Fruit in the Asia-Pacific Region under Changing Environment

Increasing Production and Market Access for Tropical Fruit in the Asia-Pacific Region under Changing Environment

Background 

The first part of the 2013 IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) reports that global mean temperatures will continue to rise over the 21st century if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, and extreme climatic events have increased since AR4 published in 2007. Although fruit tree species tend to be more resilient to climate change due to their perennial nature, global climate changes inevitably effect on fruit production, both in terms of quality and quantity, especially in temperate regions, posing a risk of substantial economic losses for fruit industry worth an estimated US$93 billion annually (Luedelingv et al. 2011). 

An improvement for the adaptation of temperate fruit plantation to climate change takes time and requires long-term investments. Returns are not likely realized before 3-6 years after the initial investments. And capital recovery may even take much longer. At the nexus of climate change and growing demand for fruit, however, there are opportunities for tropical fruit to help fill in the gaps during the low season of fresh fruit supply in the temperate region. Also many tropical fruit species are usually adapted to hot and humid environments, thus might be better adapted to climate change and grown in diverse agricultural systems for better land use. 

On the other hand, the recent increased number of bilateral, plurilateral and regional free trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region have rendered opportunities for tropical fruit producers and entrepreneurs to expand the supply of their products to markets within and outside their regions of origin. Opportunities also appear for producers to participate in domestic production and marketing of tropical fruit in the countries other than their own. To fully capitalize these opportunities, in addition to technological improvement in production and postharvest management, the mutually-agreed grading and safety standards, and inspection systems for the region will have to be instituted. The proposed workshop is to provide a collaborative platform toward increasing international marketing potential of tropical fruit in changing natural and socio-economic environments. 

Objectives 

  • To address the constraints related to production and marketing of healthy tropical fruit tree seedlings, production materials, disease diagnostic tools, high-quality and safe fresh tropical fruit, and processed tropical fruit products produced in the context of changing natural and soico-economic environment.
  • To formulate the strategies to overcome the addressed constraints and chart the roadmap that enables producers and entrepreneurs to increase their profits from growing tropical specialty fruit, and marketing fruit and other production materials.
  • To harmonize grading and safety standards, monitoring systems and quarantine regulations so as to facilitate the international trade of tropical fruit in the region. 

Major findings/recommendations

  1. Research Needs: (a) Consistency in supply by changing in production; (b) Consistency in quality and safety; (c) Energy costs throughout value chain; (d) Climate change; (e) Food safety; (f) New products;
  2. Emergence of significant markets for fresh cut fruits, low grade and fruit exhibiting appearance quality defects can be used;
  3. Japan is expecting market for tropical fruits exporters to Japan if the products can meet consumers’ needs in quality, safety and functionality;
  4. In Korea, most of tropical fruits are imported from Southeast Asian countries. Banana and pineapple are major. Korea is not suitable for cultivating tropical fruit, thus most cultivation is done in green house;
  5. The Philippine’s fruit production system ranges from backyard to highly integrated for the export market. The major species grown are banana, mango, pineapple, calamondin, papaya, durian, lanzones and watermelon;
  6. The condition of Indonesia imbalance of fruit trade are: export (2.68%) vs. import (97.32%), and the annual fruit consumption is very low (24.76 kg/capita). Indonesia’s fruit production is based on small scale formers. International cooperation of research and development programs can help farmers improving fruit qualities and incomes;
  7. In Myanmar, principal investigators focus on R&D of top four fruit. It is suggest that local and foreign researchers to invest value-added production and post-harvest industries. Right now, the value chain system is improved by GIZ.;
  8. Strategy for Thai Fruit Development (2010 – 2014) and Horticultural Crop Research Strategy (2013-2016): increase production efficiency, increase the value of produces, expanding of domestic markets, expanding of export market, and improve the database of Thai fruit;
  9. Vietnam start to improve quality of fruit varieties, choose new varieties which have high yield and good quality; resistance and tolerance to diseases and climate changes. The management of phenology, floral induction, and fruiting are crucial to the cultivation of major production fruit: logan, rambutan, and guava.
  10. Taiwan now has the capability of supplying sufficient amount of virus-free seedlings into the market. Examples like infested orchard and passion fruit can be replanted.

program

Background、Rationale and Program    pdf(748.60KB)

Background Information on the Sites of Field Study Tour    pdf(517.01KB)

papers

RESEARCH IMPERATIVES FOR IMPROVING INTERNATIONAL MARKET ACCESS OF TROPICAL FRUITS      pdf(1.81MB)
Robert E. Paull and Nancy Jung Chen

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND FOOD SAFETY HANDLING FOR MARKETING TROPICAL FRUIT IN ASIA      pdf(2.00MB)
Robert Nissen

IMPROVEING PRODUCTION AND QUALITY OF SELECTED TROPICAL FRUIT THROUGH BREEDING AND MANAGEMENT      pdf(2.53MB)
Chung-Ruey Yen

MANAGEMENT OF PHENOLOGY, FLOWERING AND FRUITING OF LONGAN, RAMBUTAN AND GUAVA      pdf(3.33MB)
Tran Van Hau

EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND INSECT PESTS OF DRAGON FRUIT, PASSIONFRUIT, CITRUS, LONGAN      pdf(2.06MB)
Nguyen Van Hoa

IMPROVING HEALTHY PLANTING MATERIAL PRODUCTION TO IMPROVE PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF TROPICAL FRUIT      pdf(1.22MB)
Chin-An Chang

MARKETING POTENTIAL OF TAIWAN BANANA SEEDLINGS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA  pdf(1.50MB) Chih-Ping Chao

RESEARCH STRATEGIES TO INCREASE SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF DRADON FRUIT AND PASSION FRUIT       pdf(1.20MB)
Nguyen Trinh Nhat Hang

JIRCAS RESEARCH TOWARDS ENHANCEMENT OF TROPICAL FRUIT RODUCTION IN SOUTHEAST ASIA      pdf(3.11MB)
Naoko Kozai

REGIONAL NETWORKING TO ENHANCE TROPICAL FRUIT VALUE CHAIN FOR SMALLHOLDER FARMERS      pdf(1.00MB)
Yacob Ahmad

ABSTRACTS for COUNTRY REPORTS       pdf(2.10MB)

proceedings

PDF     pdf(23.31MB)

AgriculturalPolicy DragonFruitNetwork
loading