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Enhanced Entry of Young Generation into Farming

Background

Over the past decades in the Asian Region, there has been a considerable decrease in the number of young generation who were into farming. By contrast, their outbound flow to urban cities has considerably increased in various Asian nations. Consequently, aged populations of over 65-year old are successively increasing in the   agriculture sector. In Japan, Korea and Taiwan, for instance, the ratio of the aged farmers to the total farm household population are 34.3%, 31.8% and 31.2% respectively in 2010. China follows suit and starts increasing the age-farmer’s ratio due to its fast economic growth, and most of the remaining Asian countries seem to follow the same destiny as the preceding countries in the very near future.

There are a couple of serious bottlenecks to hinder the young generation’s entry into farming; nearly 80 % of Asian farmers belong to the small-scale group. This has led to a lot of issues such as lots of financial/legal/economic constraints to compete with other sectors; serious constraint imposed on agricultural land use; buying and selling in agricultural land by law etc., lack of technological innovation for increased competitiveness; old-fashioned management of farming and rural society. Farming is the typical three-Ds’ job; Difficulty, Dirty, Danger and carries with it a number of constraints;  Long-time laboring; no-holiday; hard-work with low-income, Lack of amusement places in rural areas; less-convenience to shopping, etc.

Many attempts have been made to attract the young generation into farming.  Many Asian countries have already tested a variety of stimulating packages to enhance young people’s entry into farming such as a loan with lower interest rate and longer repayment period, pre-training and pre-educating for young farming candidates, free consulting after engaging in farming, providing welfare service and even salary compensation for a certain period of time. Some countries introduce a direct payment system for an early retirement of aged farmers. Although various stimulating countermeasures were taken, the shortage of young farmers becomes more serious year by year. 

Recently a number of free trade agreements (FTAs) and/or economic partnership agreements have been concluded bilaterally or multi-laterally in the Asian countries. Active entry of young generation into farming is a key factor to revitalize the Asian agriculture and rural areas which many consider to be under siege. Therefore it is a matter of urgency to understand the bottlenecks of hindering the entry of young generation into farming and seek viable and practical solutions to enhance their entry into agricultural pursuits. It is only a practical way for the agricultural sector to become sustainable and further develop.

Objectives

This seminar is to review the current status of Asian agriculture vis-à-vis the aging farmers and try to find comprehensive ways to enhance the entry of young generation into farming in the free trade era and provide the participants with a venue for deliberation and exchange of information over related policy information.                                                                                                     

Expected Outputs

  • Propose viable program and policy to enhance the entry of young generation into farming under the pressure of Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  • Development of a common networking platform for sharing and exchanging relevant strategy and policy on enhancing entry of young generation into farming.

Major findings/recommendations:

  1. Formulate strategies that would change the negative perception of people towards agriculture as a career and business;
  2. Include young farmers as a major component of Rural Development Programs;
  3. Assist the young generation in obtaining/accessing support instruments for farming like capital, land and training;
  4. Provide tax exemptions for prospective young farmers who would want to lease out lands for long periods of time;
  5. Tailor-fit the training to the actual needs of farmers so they could benefit from the agriculture business;
  6. Develop supplementary measures for young farmer schemes such as tax reduction, preferential loan, land bank information system, agriculture extension system, farm succession advice, sole inheritor grant, small producer organization, etc.
  7. Formulate policies on land resource, infrastructure development, credit and finance, public investment, education and training;
  8. Reinforce university curriculum in agriculture and related courses to better prepare the young generation into farming;
  9. Strengthen the role and synergy of the different sectors of society like the government, academe and the private sector in promoting the entrance of the young generation in agriculture; and
  10. Establish a master plan for farming succession to ensure the continuity of the business and food security.


program

Opening Remarks    pdf(330.02KB)
Welcome Address    pdf(333.28KB)
Program    pdf(251.77KB)

papers


Recent Trends in Young People's Entry into Farming in Japan: An International Perspective    pdf(665.37KB)    pdf(658.33KB)
Dr. Tomohiro UCHIYAMA
 

Recruiting Young Farmers to Join Small-scale Farming: A Structural Policy Perspective    pdf(683.05KB)    pdf(2.88MB)
Dr. Jiun-Hao WANG
 

Korea's ‘Small but Strong Farms’ Policy: International Perspective for Current and Next Generation       pdf(2.21MB)
Dr. Jong-Seok SEO
 

Entry of Young Generation into Farming in Thailand    pdf(956.99KB)    pdf(3.50MB)
Dr. Onanong TAPANAPUNNITIKUL
 

Technology Consultation and Backup for Young Generation’s Entry into Farming in Vietnam    pdf(610.72KB)    pdf(878.17KB)
Dr. BUI Quang Dang
 

Farm Expansion and Entry to Farm Business: Experiences in Hokkaido Agriculture    pdf(658.83KB)    pdf(1.09MB)
Dr. Shunsuke YANAGIMURA 
 

Succession Decisions in Korean Family Farms       pdf(383.87KB)
Dr. Jeong-Im HWANG 
 

Attracting the Young Generation to Engage in Agriculture    pdf(607.56KB)    pdf(6.76MB)
Dr. Sri Hery SUSILOWATI
 

Development of Young Agropreneur in Malaysia    pdf(485.57KB)    pdf(5.52MB)
Dr. Mohamad Kamal ABDUL KADIR
 

Building Farmers' Assets and Investing in the Out-of-School Youths (OSY) for Rural Development    pdf(495.16KB)    pdf(2.16MB)
Dr. Asterio P. SALIOT
 

How to Encourage Young Generation to Engage in Farming: Korea's Case    pdf(682.95KB)    pdf(1007.23KB)
Dr. Sang-jin MA
 

One-stop Service for Young Farmer in Taiwan    pdf(511.41KB)    pdf(2.66MB)
Mr. Kun-Fong KUO
 

proceedings

 pdf(3.33MB)

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