Urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) offers great potential for reducing poverty and enhancing food security. This type of agriculture refers to crop, livestock, and fishery production, processing and marketing activities within and around cities and towns. The main objective can be income generation, contribution to urban dwellers’ table-food needs, or for urban landscape and environmental sustainability.
What distinguishes UPA from rural agriculture is proximity to a large number of human settlements. This proximity implies opportunities in terms of providing fresh and high value vegetables and ornamentals and the efficiency in marketing and transport of produce. It also means more employment and increased income for the settlers.
While there exist vast opportunities for UPA, the risks that go with it cannot be underestimated. The fact that it’s close to human settlements already implies unlikely health effects. Inappropriate agriculture and aquaculture practices may affect the stability of urban ecosystems.
Although nowadays, UPA plays a critical role in sustaining the integrity of the environment and in contributing significantly to the attainment of food self-reliance in many cities, still it has received the least priority in many Asian countries, particularly in the area of development planning.
This workshop was intended to provide a venue for the sharing of recent urban/peri-urban agriculture (UPA) trends, experiences and technologies within the Asian and Pacific region. Moreover, it aimed at enhancing the participants’ understanding of the UPA by providing opportunities to discuss and explore the viability and feasibility of sustainable approaches and strategies under urban and peri-urban setting.