In the last couple of decades, some important fisheries resources have reached a critical level in most Asian countries due to such factors as over-fishing, aggravated fishing environment and global climatic changes. This serious decrease in fisheries resources has shifted peopleâ€™s attention to the development of the aquaculture industry. Consequently, aquaculture has become the most popular and fastest growing industry in the coastal zone. However, the massive and intense production of aquaculture has adversely influenced the coastal environment and brought about various social and economic problems, resulting in the aggravation of the coastal zone environment and ecology.
The concept of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) was introduced in 1992, to cope with the serious aggravation of the coastal zone environment, and to achieve sustainable aquaculture production in an environmentally friendly manner. Although the concept of ICZM was proposed in the 1990s, up to now, relevant and practical information and know-how for successful ICZM has been very limited. Therefore, it is imperative to understand the current status of ICZM and to develop and improve an appropriate ICZM for environmentally sound and sustainable aquaculture.