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Adaptation and Adoption of Agricultural Sensors, Information Communication Technologies, and Smart Supply Chains to Support Smallholder Farmers

Introduction

Smart and resilient agriculture is essential to address future disruption and challenges, such as climate change, COVID-19 pandemic, large scale floods, and droughts. During the pandemic, the agriculture sector in countries like Indonesia can still maintain its growth despite challenges in people and goods mobility. Small-medium enterprises and smallholder farmers are still dominant, especially in the Asia-Pacific, with key factors of low technology adoption and low productivity. These factors are challenging and problematic for making farming more efficient. Solutions are necessary among others through the support from advances in technologies such as agricultural sensors, other Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), including Internet of Thing (IoT), blockchain, computer vision, big data, artificial intelligence (AI), automation, robotics and assistive devices, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), etc.  However, considering variabilities in existing farming systems and business, adaptation processes are required in order to be effectively adopted by smallholders considering local culture as well as existing practice and policy. Taking advantage of experiences on the development of adaptation and adopting of smart agriculture and supply chain from FFTC member countries, an international seminar was planned.

Partnership

The workshop concept was initially proposed by IPB. The workshop was jointly organized by FFTC and IPB University. KU was invited by IPB to co-organize the meeting but declined. IPB registered Webex Event program (up to 1,000 participants) was used for this workshop. The virtual meeting was hosted at IPB University and livestreamed on the FFTC Facebook page.  

Objectives

  • To exchange knowledge and experiences on adaptation and adoption of agricultural sensors and other ICT technologies in smallholders (e.g. advances in smart agriculture technologies).
  • To strengthen international cooperation among stakeholders for wider adoption of technology and smart supply chain management (e.g., collaboration for impactful use of agricultural sensing and other ICT technologies and shorter supply chain).
  • To increase the public's level of awareness on the use of technology for securing sustainable agriculture (e.g., science - policy/practice interface).

Thematic topics (session topic)

Session 1: Advances of agricultural sensors and other ICTs in smart farming

Session 2: Successful cases of smart farming systems and supply chains (crops, livestock, aquaculture)

Session 3: Support policies and public private partnership

Program highlights

Thirteen experts from six countries (Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Korea, Philippines) shared their knowledge and perspectives from the public, private sectors and academics. The program included 2 keynotes, 3 thematic sessions and a panel discussion. The key takeaways were summarized below.

Keynotes

The Institute of Research and Community Services of IPB University introduced reported Agro-Maritime 4.0 at IPB University and indicated that it resulted in higher research productivity in terms of number of publications, patterns and policy was achieved for research units which adopted the Agro-Maritime 4.0. Phenotyping is an powerful but expensive tool to illustrate the complexity of biological, physiological, and ecological features of plants. Kyushu University professor from Japan demonstrated an affordable and effective phenotyping system with lower-input IoT devices and opensource software to enhance wider applications of this technology.  

Session 1: Advances of agricultural sensors and other ICTs in smart farming

JIRCAS scientist, Japan, designed a small UAV for weed detection and tested it in the upland rice fields in Laos. The results showed the design meets site-specific weed management (SSWM) with acceptable image accuracy. Portable Vis/NIR spectrometer is a promising technique for in situ quality monitoring and assessment. IPB professor demonstrated its applications in quality assessment of fruits, meat, aromatic oils, egg freshness, and adulteration of fresh milk in Indonesia. Speaker from University of the Ryukyu, Japan presented the innovations with ICT to optimize machine efficiency and applicability in designing the sugarcane harvesting mechanization for small farms in Okinawa. MARDI scientist, Malaysia, presented their work on ICT and sensors toward Agriculture 4.0. It currently focusing on cyber-physical technologies to attract young generation’s involvement.  

Session 2: Successful cases of smart farming systems and supply chains

Taiwan scientist from Livestock Research Institute introduced three successful cases of utilizing digital livestock farming that can attract young farmers to join, including  ICTs for native chicken breeding, box-type milking robots, and digital auction of breeding boars. RDA Korean scientist introduced a ten-year, three generations of smart farms in Korea. IPB presented a multi-sectoral collaborative project using system-approach to develop a farmer-welfare oriented agricultural system, aiming to improve farmers’ productivity, increase access to markets and ensure fair price. The UPLB professor, the Philippines presented a project on early warning system that addresses in-time response to climate changes and natural disasters.

Session 3: Support policies and public private partnership

Speaker from the Indonesia Ministry of Agriculture indicated the importance of technology transfer for R&D impacts. Manager of Kai Shing Co., Ltd. shared their experience in applying SOP, ICT, IoT and branding in the breeding and farm management of Taiwan native chicken. NTU professor highlighted human resource development, a key factor in developing smart agriculture. He made recommendations in capacity development.

Workshop outcomes

A total of 687 people registered in the workshop, including participants from Indonesia (~350), the Philippines (~200), Malaysia (~50), Vietnam (25), India (18), Taiwan (~25), Vietnam (~25), Thailand (13) and other 10 more countries. The actual number of participants on the Webex meeting room was about 180-200 during workshop time. A feedback survey form was sent to all participants the day after the workshop. A total of 192 participants responded to the survey; over 95% of them requested certificate of attendance. About 76-90% of the respondents joined all the sessions. The majority of the respondents (>90%) were very satisfied with the workshop in all aspects (logistics, content, and relevance). About 62-75% of respondents also provided their takeaways, and additional comments and suggested future workshop topics.

Major takeaways/Conclusions

  • Document and promote successful cases of smart farming systems and supply chains like the use of digital livestock farming and ICTs for native chicken to attract the younger generation of farmers to join such activities.
  • Emphasize the importance of technology transfer for R&D impacts, the benefits of applying SOPs, ICTs, and IoTs in branding, breeding and farm management.
  • Highlight the value of human resource and capacity development in smart agriculture in agricultural meetings.
  • Disseminate the merits of the advances in agricultural sectors and other ICTs in smart farming like the use of small UAVs in site specific weed management, the use of portable Vis/NIR spectrometer in quality assessment of fruits, meats, etc.
  • Integrate the use of smart agriculture ICTs and digital technologies into farming practices and business management.
  • Provide continuous and systematic training courses and develop a sufficient number of successful smart farmers to inspire others.

Related news

Aug. 27, 2021 Adaptation and Adoption of Agricultural Sensors, Information Communication Technologies, and Smart Supply Chains to Support Smallholder Farmers
Nov. 10, 2021 FFTC-IPB videoconference tackles advances in agricultural sensors and other ICTs

program

Program
Paper:

papers

Implementing Agro-Maritime 4.0 Research Agenda: Linking Science and Policy
Dr. Ernan Rustiadi
IPB University, Indonesia
Paper:
Plant phenotyping technology to enhance smart farming
Dr. OKAYASU Takashi
Kyushu University, Japan
Paper:
PPT:
Weed mapping with low-cost, small UAV for smallholder farming
Dr. KAWAMURA Kensuke
JIRCAS, Japan
Paper:
PPT:
Portable near infrared spectrometers for point-of-need quality assessment of agro-food products
Prof. Y. Aris Purwanto
IPB University, Indonesia
Paper:
PPT:
Improvement of subtropical agriculture of sugarcane cultivation using ICT in Okinawa, Japan
Prof. SHIKANAI Takeshi
University of the Ryukyu, Japan
Paper:
PPT:
Application of advanced agricultural sensors and ICT in smart farming towards the Agriculture 4.0
Dr. Siti Noor Aliah Binti Baharom
MARDI, Malaysia
Paper:
PPT:
Utilization of digital livestock farming for young farmers in Taiwan
Dr. Wu, Ming-Che
Livestock Research Institute, COA, Taiwan
Paper:
PPT:
Smart Farm R&D status and future direction in Korea
Dr. Hyunjong Kim
RDA, Korea
Paper:
PPT:
Best Practice of Agri-tech Start-up for Farmers’ Welfare: Agri-Tech and Agribusiness Integration to Support Agricultural Ecosystem in Indonesia
Dr. Bayu Dwi Apri Nugroho
Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Paper:
PPT:
Future-proofing Philippine Agriculture with SARAI Technologies
Dr. Roger A. Luyun. Jr.
University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines
Paper:
PPT:
Management of agricultural technology transfer In IAARD Indonesia
Dr. Ketut Gede Mudiarta
Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia
Paper:
PPT:
Application of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and Automation in Jin Da Chicken Breeding
Dr. Hsueh-Kai Teng
Kai Shing Co., Ltd. Taiwan
Paper:
PPT:
Human Resource Development for Smart Agriculture in Taiwan
Dr. Jiun-Hao Wang
National Taiwan University, Taiwan
PPT:

proceedings

Proceeding
Paper:
AgriculturalPolicy DragonFruitNetwork
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