Blast (Pyricularia oryzae Cavara) is one of the most serious diseases in all rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivating areas from temperate to tropical countries. The damage was estimated to be equivalent to 2 billion US$ (1% of rice production) annually. JIRCAS has led “Rice Blast Research Network” for years and accumulated important knowledge to tackle with this complex issue to assure stable and environmentally-friendly rice production. Recent studies using molecular tools to study pathogenic mechanisms of rice blast have made some progress, but the technologies and study tools are not yet widely applicable to agricultural practices, and thus the rice blast disease are not yet sufficiently resolved. This workshop will discuss the up-to-date research and encourage the development of practical technology for preventing or control of rice blast diseases through discussions among scientists and practitioners.
This workshop addressed the FFTC’s Strategic Action Plan, Theme 4: ‘Environmentally friendly technologies. The workshop also fits well the mandates of JIRCAS and FFTC in considering global and trans-boundary nature of rice blast disease controls.
Originally, a two-day meeting at Tsukuba, Japan followed by a field trip in the next day to visit research facilities and fields relating to rice blast in Japan was proposed. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and local/ international travel restrictions, the workshop format was changed to online event using Webex virtual meeting room.
The workshop aimed to share current knowledge and identify effective approaches and future direction in the control of rice blast in Asia, including:
The one-day online workshop consisted of an opening session, a keynote presentation, and three thematic sessions with 3-6 presentations followed by a panel discussion in each session. Online participants were groups into panel (microphone on) and attendee (microphone muted) in the virtual meeting room.
Keynote Session: The keynote presentation highlighted the 15-years of collective effort and results of the research network from Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Korea, Japan, Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and international organizations working on rice, such as International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice). Under JIRCAS Blast Research Network, differential systems were developed and distributed. Knowledge on dominant blast races, genetic variations of resistance, and genotype(s) in rice cultivars were generated. The information and application of differential system led to further genetic improvements of the elite rice cultivars in the collaborative countries. It was believed that the future international trials are crucial for construction of durable protection systems combating blast diseases.
Session 1: “International differential variety and characterization of resistance genes” was addressed by researchers from JIRCAS, NARO and Aichi Research Institute, Japan. Topics on using LTH monogenic lines as methods for pathogenicity study for blast isolates and designation system of blast race, development of international differential varieties for race study, and the possibility of partial resistance genes in genetic improvement for panicle blast, were discussed.
Session 2: “Pathological and genetic studies for durable protection system” highlighted the current rice blast work at MARDI (Malaysia), RDA (Korea), KU (Thailand), TARI (Taiwan), and Yunnan Agricultural University (China). Four speakers reported on pathological and genetic diversity of blast isolates in their countries on the way to identify useful genes for rice varietal improvement against rice blast. The speaker from Yunnan did not attend the workshop.
Session 3: “Blast studies using differential system” included 6 country reports of the JIRCAS-Rice Blast Research Network. While the keynote presentation summarized the combined results of the pathogenicity of blast isolates and genetic variation of resistance of rice cultivars in all network countries, the session speakers shared the country-specific results of their study using similar study design and the differential system developed and distributed by the Project Network. Speakers concluded the effectiveness and significance of using the differential system in better understanding the pathogenicity of the blast isolates, diversity in resistance of rice cultivars, and co-differentiations between blast races and resistances in rice cultivars.
More workshop information can be viewed at:
Workshop website: https://www.jircas.go.jp/en/workshop/2020/e20200918
Suggestions and conclusions
Workshop statistics: A total of 135 people registered the workshop. On the workshop day, a total of 116 participants joined the workshop, including 100 online participants, 7 online meeting operators and 9 onsite participants at JIRCAS meeting room. Among the 116 participants, 41 persons joined from Japan, 14 from the Philippines, 12 from Thailand, 10 from Taiwan and 7 from Bangladesh.
Participant evaluation: a feedback survey form was sent via Webex mailing system to all registered participants right after the workshop. Twenty-nine participants provided feedback using a 0-4 survey score (poor, fair, very good, excellent) for the relevance of the workshop, usefulness of the activity, facilities and the secretariat. Almost all the feedback indicated the score of 3 (very good) or 4 (excellent) for the workshop performance.
Suggestions for further improvement included (1) expand the collaborative effort to cover rice-production countries globally, and not limited to Asian counties; (2) more discussion and Q&A time; (3) share PPT or proceeding before the workshop, (4) continue the international collaboration on rice blast.
This workshop was regarded as a benchmark event as this was the first successful videoconferencing for JIRCAS in response to the COVID pandemic. It was noticed that online meeting focused more on technical sessions and limited in-person social interactions and communications. How to enhance interactions among participants and what type of events or programs could be incorporated in pre-, during or post-workshop sessions merit further thinking.