Food and nutritional security is an important agenda in Malaysia as it is globally. This issue of food security is amplified with increasing population growth, decreasing amounts of arable land and water resource, climate change and ageing farmer population. Important factors affecting crop production such as water and nutrient supply often vary considerably over space and time even within a single agricultural field. In particular, the lack of nutrients in crops, water stress or plant diseases can have negative drastic effects on crop growth.
There is a need to devise and use innovations such as precision agriculture, ICT and big data in combination to offer precise insights. ICT technologies were introduced in the agri-food sectors about two to three decades ago and made their impact with the introduction of computers, internet, email, mobile phones, However, ICT adoption especially in farm management systems, in early warning and decision support systems for crop management is rather slow and insignificant. One way to enhance ICT uptake for increasing crop efficiency and productivity is through the adoption of precision agriculture. This allows for the increased efficiency and productivity of crops, land use efficiency, etc.
However, to adopt this technology there is a need for rapid and precise handling and interpretation of GEO-data. Variation in abiotic and biotic conditions are detected by various sensors, translated and processed with external data bases, web services and software. Other related fields which ICT allows for better decision making is in smart control and monitoring system for plant factory, artificial intelligence and agro-robotics and big data for smart agriculture. Precision agriculture, therefore, plays an important role in acceleration adopting of ICT technologies. To accelerate and encourage the use of ICT in precision agriculture, it is important to communication with international experts through the organization of international scientific forums and workshops where ideas and knowledge can be exchanged and shared, gaps between current and desired capabilities can be bridged through new collaborative initiatives.
3. Major Findings and Recommendations
Precision Agriculture in Malaysia | Paper：
Dr. Ahmad Safuan Bujang
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
Precision Agriculture in Vietnam | Paper：
Dr. Ngo Duc Minh
Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VAAS)