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Enabling capacity in production and application of bio-pesticide and bio-fertilizer for soil-borne disease control and organic farming

1. Rationale

          The “intensive & chemical-farming” for the past 50 years all over the world have been detrimental to soil health and water quality, leading to an increase in plant diseases and other pest problems. Important soil-borne pathogens include fungi, fungi-like organisms, bacteria as well as viruses and plant parasitic nematode. Soil-borne diseases are one of the major factors contributing to low yields of agro- products. Most soil-borne pathogens are difficult to control by conventional strategies such as the use of resistant cultivars and synthetic pesticides. Soil application of fungicides is expensive and deleterious to non-target microflora. Biological control has become a critical component of plant disease management and it is a practical and safe approach in various crops. Bio-protectants provide a unique opportunity for crop protection, since they grow, proliferate, colonize and protect the newly-formed plant parts to which they were not initially applied. Most soil-borne plant pathogens causing root and foot rots in older plants are usually less prevalent in organic farm than in conventional/chemical farms.

          Organic farming is gaining worldwide acceptance and is becoming a major tool for sustaining the quality of degraded soils. There is considerable interest in substituting biologically-based inputs for chemicals to manage plant diseases because of concerns over environmental or human health. One such approach is to apply organic amendments to soils to suppress soil-borne diseases. The use of bio-agents, such as bio-fertilizers or bio-pesticides is an integral part of organic farming, especially in vegetable cultivation. The nature of the organic amendments, the microorganisms present, the properties of the soil, and environmental conditions are key factors that can influence the populations of soil-borne plant pathogens and the crop to be protected. Using organic amendments, antagonistic microorganisms and phyto-chemicals in controlling soil-borne root infecting fungi offers an alternate strategy to the prevalent use of synthetic pesticides.
 

2. Objectives

  • Review current status/update of soil-borne diseases problem and management/control strategies of soil-borne diseases in ASPAC countries.
  • Explore promising-sources of microorganism and common organic materials and its potential & demand of utilization/adoption.
  • Share the potential innovative technologies which can be adopted for soil-borne disease control and organic farming.
 
3. Major findings, recommendations and conclusion
  • Conduct more studies and research in IPM to ensure long-lasting sustainability in crop production.
  • Employ IPM measures that have been proven to reduce the number of pesticide used, and are more efficient, healthy and environmentally friendly.
  • Diagnose and assess the disease occurrence potential of crops before planting them in the field and implement the appropriate control measures based on the potential degree using a decision-making system.
  • Study and make the necessary adoption of critical knowledge in crop disease management for sustainable agriculture, the aim of which is to disrupt the disease components at every stage of crop growth.
  • Train technical leaders or extension workers who can explain to the farmers the science of using bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides and their corresponding benefits.
  • Do further studies and research on the mechanism of inoculating beneficial microbes at different concentrations and their effects.
  • Inculcate the perspective of viewing soil fertility as a complex system with their intrinsic biological, physical, and chemical properties.
  • Teach farmers to provide nutrition not only for their plants but also to the biological agents. Giving the proper nutrients to both plants and bio-agents can help enhance stability, growth and survival.


Group photo

program

papers

Review on soil-borne pathogen/diseases research in Taiwan and other countries (or Review on biocontrol of soil-borne pathogen/diseases research in ASPAC countries). | Paper:
PPT:
Dr. Chaur-Tsuen Lo
National Formosa University

Emerging trends in biocontrol of soil pest and diseases concept and capacity building | Paper:
Dr. Malvika Chaudhary
CABI-SEA

Soil microbiology and its interaction with plant health in agro ecological systems
IRD Vietnam

The soil-borne pathogen/diseases problems and management strategies for industrial crop (coffee, pepper): Experience from Vietnam | Paper:
Prof. Nguyen Van Tuat
VAAS

The soil-borne pathogen/diseases problems and management strategies for annual crops (some vegetable, tomato, chili, root and tuber crops etc): Experience from Vietnam
Dr. Nguyen Duc Huy
Dept. Plant Pathology – Vietnam National University of Agriculture

The soil-borne pathogen/diseases problems and management strategies for fruit trees production: Experience from Vietnam | Paper:
Dr. Dang Thi Kim Uyen
SOPRI/VAAS

Development of a Novel Soil-borne Disease Management Strategy, Health Checkup Based Soil-borne Disease Management (HeSoDiM) | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Shigenobu Yoshida
NARO - Japan

The soil-borne pathogen/diseases problems and management strategies: Experience from Malaysia | Paper:
Dr. Ganisan Krishnen
MARDI

The Soil-borne Pathogen/Disease Problems and Management Strategies: Experience from Indonesia | Paper:
Dr. Surono
Indonesian Soil Research Institute

Potential of biological products on the organic approach to control the dominant soil-borne plant pathogens: Experience from Thailand | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Chainarong Rattanakreetakul
K.U.

Biocontrol of Fusarium wilt of solanaceous crops: the Philippines experience. | Paper:
Dr. Eufrocinio Marfori
UP

The promising sources of microorganism and organic for bio-fertilizer production in Vietnam. | Paper:
Prof. Dr. Pham Van Toan
VAAS

The promising sources of microorganism and organic for bio-pesticide production in Vietnam. | Paper:
Mr. Trinh Xuan Hoat
PPRI/VAAS

Importance of the microbial quality of commercial biofertilisers and biopesticides and how CMBP network can contribute to improve them in SEA. | PPT:
Dr. Didier Lesueur
Common Microbiology Biotechnology Platform (AGI-CIAT-CIRAD), CIAT Asia office

Application of bio-control agent and other practices for controlling strawberry anthracnose in Taiwan | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Tsung-Chun Lin
National Chung Hsing University

Bacillus velezensis strain GH1-13 reveals agriculturally beneficial properties by enhancing plant growth and suppressing fungal pathogens. | Paper:
Dr. Sang Yoon Kim
Yonsei University, Korea

Construction of organic soil based on SOIL FERTILITY INDEX (SOFIX) | Paper:
Prof. Motoki Kubo
Ritsumeikan University. Japan

Application of bio-products to control plant parasite nematodes and soil born diseases on black pepper and coffee in Vietnam.
Dr. Nguyen Thi Chuc Quynh
PPRI/VAAS

Efficacy of bio-pesiticides developed by Jianon Enterprise Co., Ltd. for controlling of soil-borne diseases caused by Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium spp. in Taiwan.
Dr. I-Chang Yang
Jianon Enterprise Co., Ltd., Taiwan

Presentation 1 from Murawa Biochemical Company | PPT:
Presentation 2 from Murawa Biochemical Company     
Mr. Myiachi Kato
General Manager

Bacteria based liquid supplements | PPT:
Mr Shinya Kyoda
General Manager, Ando Tsusyo Company

Adopting Japanese Uchishiro bacteria for organic manure in Vietnam | PPT:
Mr. Kentaro Uchiyama 
Suydensya Ltd.Co

Presentation from Okada Manufactory | PPT:
Ms. Nobuko Ozawa
International Sales Chief

Presentation from Daimasa Engineering | PPT:
Mr. Yuki Takano
General Manager

highlights

Enabling capacity in production and application of bio-pesticide and bio-fertilizer for soil-borne disease control and organic farming
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