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Climate Smart Agriculture for the Small - Scale Farmers in the Asian and Pacific Region


In recent years, the impact of climate change on agriculture such as damage to crops by extreme weather events such as high temperature or flooding is gradually becoming more intense. In addition, the environment surrounding the agricultural and rural areas in the Asian Pacific region has greatly changed, because of the continuing decrease in agricultural labor force and the aging of farmers, a decrease in planting areas, and pressure on small-scale farmers by large scale commercial farms. In particular, the impact of climate change on agriculture is greater for small-scale farmers with inferior agricultural infrastructure which accounts for the majority of the Asian Pacific region. Therefore, it is important to pursue research topics responding to climate change and sustainable agriculture in the Asian Pacific region including Japan.This will ensure passing a productive agricultural and rich rural environment to the next generation to meet future food supply and demand.

Under these circumstances, FFTC held a workshop which aimed at promoting extensive research and development on the environment contributing to sustainable agriculture. The said workshop is co-organized with NIAES (Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences), NARO (National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) in Japan. NIAES has been engaged in climate change related research for many years, forecasting prediction of impact on agriculture due to global warming, establishment of a decision support system for crop management that can flexibly respond to climate change, and development of greenhouse gas emission reduction technology from agricultural fields. Also this workshop is supported by MARCO (The Monsoon Asia Agro-Environmental Research Consortium) which is a research cooperation network to promote international cooperation on agricultural environmental research in the monsoon Asia region.

Objectives of the Workshop

  • Share the information about extensive research and development on the environment contributing to sustainable agriculture in the Asian countries
  • Provide a venue for exchange of ideas, techniques and knowledge related to adaptive technologies of sustainable agriculture to farmers in the Asian and Pacific region
  • Establish an informal network committed to information sharing and collaborative research
Major findings and recommendations
  1. Develop frameworks to improve climate change risk assessment in global crop production systems;
  2. Follow-up the development of dataset for crop calendars;
  3. Synthesize and popularize climate change impact studies and make this available to the public;
  4. Evaluate impact of climate change on rice productivity and adaptation strategy and integrate the latest knowledge on current and new varieties; and
  5. Enhance the adaptation options to reduce vulnerability of agricultural systems to the risks related to climate change in the Asian and Pacific region.


Program and Abstract: 

Book of Climate Smart Agriculture for the Small-Scale Farmers in the Asian and Pacific Region: 

Keynote lecture

The Interlinkages between Sustainable Development Goals - Climate Change - Disasters - Human Security in the Asia and Pacific Region  | PPT:
Dr. Riyanti Djalante (United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, Japan) 

1. Mitigation options for greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural lands in the Asian and Pacific region 
(Chair: Hiroko Akiyama and Yasukazu Hosen, NARO)

Mitigation of Yield-scaled GWP by Rice Plastic Mulch Technology in Southwest China  | Paper:  PPT:
Dr. Xiao-yuan Yan (Institute of Soil Science, China) 

Dissemination of water management in rice paddies in Asia  | Paper:  PPT:
Dr. Kazunori Minamikawa (JIRCAS, Japan)

System of Rice Intensification: An Alternative Mitigation Strategy to Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Paddy Fields in Indonesia  | Paper:  PPT:
Dr. Chusnul Arif (Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia)

Zero-waste rice-based farming system for small-scale farmers  | Paper:
Dr. Eduardo Jimmy P. Quilang (Philippine Rice Research Institute)

Manure management for greenhouse gas mitigation in Japan  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Takashi Osada (NARO) 

Soil and fertilizer management practices for mitigation of N2O emissions from green tea fields in Japan  | PPT:
Dr. Yuhei Hirono (NARO)

Stabilization of Carbon and Nitrogen in agricultural soils revealed by long-term field experiments in Japan  | PPT:
Dr. Rota Wagai (NARO)

Application of Agricultural Practices to Increase Soil Carbon Sequestration in Taiwan  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Chi-Ling Chen (Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute)

Technical measures to mitigate greenhouse gases from agricultural fields  | Paper:
Hiroko Akiyama, Seiichi Nishimura, Miyuki Nakajima, Akinori Mori, Yuhei Hirono, Tomohito Sano, Hiroyoshi Sugiura, Nobuhisa Koga, Takeshi Yamane, Shigeto Sudo, Yasuhiro Nakajima, Yuko T Hoshino, and Yoriko Sakai

Efforts of National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences/National Agriculture and Food Research Organization in applying greenhouse gas mitigation technologies to Monsoon Asian countries and international frameworks since 2011  | Paper:
Yasukazu Hosen, Kazunori Minamikawa, Shigeto Sudo, Yasuhito Shirato, and Ayaka W. Kishimoto-Mo

2. Mechanisms and impacts of global environmental change on crop production in the Asian and Pacific region 
(Chair: Toshihiro Hasegawa and Motoki Nishimori, NARO)

Bayesian statistical models for quantitative synthesis of climate change impact studies  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. David Makowski (INRA, France) 

National Rice Yield Prediction with Oryza 2000 in South Korea  | PPT:
Dr. Junhwan Kim (Rural Development Administration, Korea)

Main Season Fragrant Rice Production Under Climate Change RCP 8.5 Scenario and a Systemic Adaptation to Improve Productivity: A Case of Ubonratchathanee Province, Thailand  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Attachai Jintrawet (Chang Mai University, Thailand)

Evaluation of fuzzy logic systems to assess climate suitability of Italian ryegrass  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Kwang Soo Kim(Seoul National University, Korea)

Impact of climate change on rice productivity and adaptation strategy in Japan  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Yasushi Ishigooka(NARO)

Improvements to climate change risk assessment in global crop production systems  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Toshichika Iizumi (NARO)

3. Adaptation options to reduce vulnerability of agricultural systems to the risks related to climate change in the Asian and Pacific region
(Chair: Akira Miyata and Hidemitsu Sakai, NARO)

Making the smallholder farmers in Southeast Asia climate smart - the CCAFS R4D thrust  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Leocadio Sebastian (CGIAR-CCAFS)

Paving the pathway for climate smart agriculture among small scale farmers in the Philippines  | Paper:
Using Digital Technology in Enhancing Climate Resilience of Philippine Agriculture: The SARAI-Enhanced Monitoring System  | PPT:
Dr. Maria Victoria Espaldon (University of the Philippines Los Baños) 

Adaptation Strategies and Practices to Adverse Effects from Climate Change: Taiwan's Experience and Inspiration  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Chwen-Ming Yang (Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute)

On the Japanese Rice Breeding Research Approach to Adaptation to Global Warming  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Hiroyuki Sato(NARO)

Countermeasures against the occurrence of chalky grain during ripening of rice under high temperatures  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Hiroshi Nakano (NARO)

Three climate change adaptation strategies in fruit production  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Toshihiko Sugiura (NARO)

4. Decision support systems for improving the livelihood of farmers in the Asian and Pacific region under current and future climate scenarios 
(Chair: Hiroe Yoshida and Tsuneo Kuwagata, NARO)

Challenge: How to assess implementation strategies for mitigation and adaptation in agroecosystem in terms of sustainability and productivity  | PPT:
Dr. Byong-Lyol Lee (WMO)

Climate risks and vulnerability assessment tools in support of policy planning and Climate Smart Agriculture  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Hideki Kanamaru (FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Thailand) 

Web-based soil inventory system and a visualization tool of soil organic carbon in Japan  | PPT:
Dr. Yusuke Takata (NARO)

1-km grid meteorological data service and its use to reduce weather and climate risks in field crop production  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Hiroyuki Ohno and Kaori Sasaki(NARO)

Seasonal climate predictions-based decision support system for better rice production in rainfed areas  | Paper: PPT:
Dr. Keiichi Hayashi (JIRCAS)

Full paper 

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