Agriculture is highly dependent on nature. But nature can be cruel. Drought, flooding, hail and severe frost as well as pests and diseases outbreaks, earthquakes and tsunami is frequently cause devastation and tragedy among farmers. So governments of every country prepare direct assistance against natural disasters for their farmers. But most of these government countermeasures for livelihood relief not only vary every year but also are not enough to cover the damage due to insufficient government budget. Therefore, apart from relief program, many developed countries have already introduced crop natural disaster insurance for substantial stabilization of farm households and agricultural reproduction against the outbreak of severe natural disasters.
In Asia, except for Japan which introduced crop natural disaster insurance in 1938, the introduction of crop natural disaster insurance is far behind countries like the US and EU. There seem to be several reasons such as small-scale farming, low farm household income, lack of preparation of government and so on. But, recently, as a result of climate change, rainfall patterns shift or extreme events such as drought and floods become more frequent. Crop natural disaster insurance is therefore a key in assisting farmers lessening the negative financial impact or income instability of these adverse natural disasters. In addition, WTO has classified the government subsidy for crop natural disaster insurance as a green box. So the governments can support their farmers through subsidizing crop natural disaster insurance program instead of price support considered as an amber box, for instance. These two conditions have made some Asian countries such as Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam and Taiwan launch or prepare their own crop natural disaster insurance.
But there are lots of trials and errors in the preparation and implementation of crop natural disaster insurance because the data and experience accumulated is not enough and the understanding of farmers to crop insurance is poor as well as insurance itself is complex. There are tasks and problems such as which crop is appropriate for pilot project, what extent (quantity, quality, price or income) should be covered by crop natural disaster insurance, how can the damage be measured objectively, etc. This seminar will give a discussion ground for specialists to find a better way to find appropriate preparation and implementation of crop natural disaster insurance program.
Indonesia (1), Japan (2), Korea (3), Malaysia (1), Philippines (1), Taiwan (2),Vietnam (1).